How to care for hair

Hair is not only one of the attributes of appearance, it is also an indicator of health. To maintain the curls in proper condition, regular care is necessary, which is done both in the salon and at home. In everyday care, there are many nuances, the observance of which will provide hair shine, give vitality and improve their general condition.


Causes of hair “fatigue”

The health of the hair is affected not only by the state of the human body, which can include hormonal changes, for example, during puberty or during pregnancy, but also other factors:

Deteriorates the appearance of hair and significantly slows the growth of hair environmental conditions.
Improper nutrition and strict diets lead to an acute shortage of nutrients, which immediately affects the condition of the hair.
Fungal diseases of the scalp lead to irritation and dandruff.
Aggressive care products, perm, dyeing, daily styling, involving the use of elevated temperatures, dry the hair, damage the hair follicles.
Stress and overwork more than other factors lead to the fact that the hair loses its vitality and shine, begin to fall out.
If obvious problems with the hair are noticed, first of all it is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause, and then do their resuscitation. In difficult situations, when home care does not bring visible results, it is worth visiting a hair specialist, trichologist, who will prescribe the appropriate therapy based on the appearance, condition of the scalp and analyzes.


Basic principles of home care

Hair receives vital energy from hair follicles, and the cortical layer determines their strength. The outer layer, or cuticle, is the scales covering each hair. Dense and even, they make the curls smooth, the damaged cuticle puffs up, giving the impression of confusion. A special role in the condition of the hair is played by sebaceous glands. If the fat is produced in excess, the hair is quickly contaminated, an insufficient amount of it leads to hair drying. Therefore, the basic principles of how to care for hair correctly at home should be as follows:

ensuring blood flow to the hair follicles, which contributes to their better nutrition;
restoration of the cortical layer and cuticle;
normalization of the sebaceous glands.
To achieve the effect in all directions, the hair at each stage must be properly looked after.


Washing head

You need to start caring for your hair already with washing. You need to wash your hair as often as necessary, otherwise dirt and sebum clogs the pores, blocking the access of oxygen to the hair follicles. Means with increased greasy scalp or hair, it is advisable to choose those that allow frequent use. Many do not take into account that washing your hair is also necessary correctly:

Before washing, the hair must be combed so that the tangled strands do not get tangled even more.
Hard water negatively affects the hair, so it is advisable to soften the water by adding a few drops of ammonia or a teaspoon of baking soda to about 5 liters of liquid.
The water temperature should not exceed 36 ° C even for oily hair, since hot only enhances the secretion of fat. The final rinse is carried out with cool water.
Do not go to bed with wet hair: so they get messy, and their further combing will damage the cuticle.
Wet hair should not be combed: in this state, they are capable of greatly stretching, which violates their structure.
It is not always possible to choose the right shampoo the first time. Dull, highly electrifying hair immediately after washing indicates that the product is not suitable, it must be replaced.

Lovers of homemade cosmetics will use such long-known means as egg yolks, honey, rye bread. These funds are time-tested and are perfect for modern beauties. You can enrich a regular shampoo by adding a drop of essential oil of jojoba, rosemary, cedar or rose.


Hair Care Rules

For proper hair care, it is advisable to choose products based on natural ingredients. That is why many women prefer self-made masks, rinses, even shampoos. Among the store offers you can also find natural cosmetics, however, it should be noted that the price of such products will be much higher, and it will be stored in open form for no more than six months.

It is better to choose store products, adhering to one cosmetic line, and they should all be suitable for the type of hair, which is not always possible to determine on your own. It often happens that with dry, highly split ends, the scalp remains oily. Or, on the contrary, dry scalp and dandruff with excessive greasy hair. Before choosing care products in this case, it is necessary to restore balance. Consultation with a specialist will help to do this. He will tell you the reason for this condition and choose the right cosmetics.


Using masks

Hair masks of a certain direction are used twice a week to nourish and moisturize the scalp, smooth hair, eliminate dandruff and other problems twice a week. You can buy the product in the store, but self-prepared masks from improvised materials are considered the most effective. Simple and at the same time effective means will help maintain the beauty of hair:

An excellent result is given by masks, which include such active components as nicotinic acid, tincture of red pepper, alcohol-containing products, onions. These products enhance blood circulation, which promotes the penetration of nutrients to the roots and accelerate hair growth.
Oils are also often used as part of masks. The most popular are olive, castor, burdock oils. In addition, cosmetic oils are used - peach, apricot, walnut oil and others.
For 15-20 minutes before washing your hair, you can apply slightly warmed kefir to them, rub into the skin and wrap your head in a towel. Kefir nourishes the skin, eliminates irritation and dandruff, softens hair.
For a month, castor or burdock oil is rubbed into the scalp, which not only nourish the hair follicles, but also serve as an excellent growth stimulator, awaken the "sleeping" bulbs. The oil is washed off an hour after application.
It is more correct to use the selected mask with a course lasting 2-3 months, there will be no effect from one application, as well as from a frequent change in composition.


Vitamins for hair

An important role in the condition of the hair is played by vitamins. So, the "vitamins of youth" A and E nourish the hair and scalp, smooth the cuticle, give strength and shine. Vitamins of group B contribute to growth and strengthening, prevent loss. Vitamin C is the strongest antioxidant that protects hair from aging, and the scalp from diseases, including fungal ones.

The amount of vitamins supplied with food is not always enough, so you can also take vitamin complexes. However, it should be remembered that all drugs are best used after consulting a specialist.

An excellent solution would be vitamin masks using ampoule solutions of these vitamins. They are used both as stand-alone tools and in combination with other components. Pharmaceutical preparations can be replaced with products with a high content of these substances.

Hair Care


Long hair care

It is very difficult to grow long hair, but it is even more difficult to maintain their beauty. Some tips on how to care for long hair:
wash your hair with two means, a head with shampoo for oily hair, the ends of the hair with what is intended for dry hair;
carry out the procedure of washing your hair every seven to ten days; at the end of the procedure, apply a conditioner rinse from the middle of the curls to the ends;
you need to comb hair with thin strands, starting from the tips, gradually rising with a brush closer to the roots;
Do not use too tight elastic bands and hairpins, as they break hair.
To keep your long curls smooth and shiny, you can resort to keratin straightening, but it is possible to provide them with decent care at home. Masks using coconut, almond, burdock, peach or castor oils are best suited for feeding the ends; for hair closer to the scalp - honey, mountain ash, egg yolk, aloe and lemon juice.


Thick Hair Care

If you are the owner of thick hair, you are very lucky, since the visual effect is simply amazing, however, such hair requires a special approach. A few tips on how to care for thick hair:
Before washing, be sure to comb your hair so that it does not get tangled;
to avoid peeling and itching of the scalp, wash your hair thoroughly from shampoo and conditioner;
use only a brush with rare teeth for combing curls, better from natural materials;
Do not dry your hair with a hairdryer, every time after the procedure, comb it thoroughly, otherwise the curls can become very tangled.
Often, thick hair is oily at the roots and dry at the ends, if the same can be said about your hair, then use a mixed type of hair care products. If you have thick and curly hair, then comb it only after washing, if even - twice a day, morning and evening. For thick strands, large massive hairpins with rare teeth are more suitable, only they are able to hold the entire weight of the hair for a long time.


Dry Hair Care

Dry hair is rightfully considered to be the most capricious hair, and it can become such for a number of reasons: a genetic predisposition, exposure to external factors, improper care, such procedures as perm, hair dyeing, and hair bleaching. A few tips on how to care for dry hair:
use oil-based masks for dry and dehydrated hair twice a week, cook at home;
avoid thermal drying of hair, it leads to a violation of the keratin layer of the hair and, as a result, their overdrying;
dry and curly hair like masks based on sage, wormwood, St. John's wort and nettle.
Dry curls do not tolerate mechanical stress, therefore, hairpins here must be without sharp corners that can injure hair. Improper work-rest mode, nutrition, caring for hair can lead to dehydration and brittleness, but knowing how to care for dry hair, they can grow long and shiny.


Oily Hair Care

Oily hair is a sign of malfunctioning of the sebaceous glands. To get rid of this problem, remove sweet foods from your diet, drink vitamins and provide proper care to your curls. A few tips on how to care for oily hair:
you need to wash your hair with special products for oily hair in non-hot water;
try to comb your hair as little as possible and do not use a hair dryer;
to care for such hair does not need balms, oils and gels - they only exacerbate the problem;
try to use ribbons, elastic bands and hairpins as little as possible, because the collected hair becomes greasy faster.
There is a good remedy that removes excess fat from the hair, you need to rinse the curls with vinegar (a tablespoon per liter of cool water). Perform this procedure on clean, washed hair.

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